RESEARCH IN REFORM SCIENCE
Any researcher who wants to start, or proceed with, the reform of a particular branch of science should get acquainted with the
Structure of Reform Science and the Format of the Research .
of Reform Science and the Format of the Research
1. Reform science
2. The research
2.1. Part 1. Transitions
2.2. Part 2. Reflections
2.3. Part 3. Evolution
3. The research work formats
3.1. Format of Part 1
of Part 2
3.3. Format of Part 3
The reform of modern science
is now an actual problem, because the crisis of modern science, in our age of science, is underlying the present general crisis
of civilization. Fortunately, this problem now seems to be solvable because of the recent progress in theoretical physics
in this regard blazing a path to the reform of science in general, including humanities. However, the way to the reform is
far from easy, and anyone, who has decided to attempt at the reform in his particular branch of science, must be prepared
to devote a significant part of his life to this endeavor. The moral satisfaction of the progress may be so great that, having
once experienced a success, the researcher, whatever his initial intention, may eventually become a devoted enthusiast of
1. Reform science
Any science is actually a system of concepts corresponding
to various entities characteristic of the science. As compared
with modern science, reform science is the truly systematic science based on the logically consistent system of concepts.
Owing to this property, reform science is able to select some of the existing concepts, right and generalize them and find
the proper meaning to them, and, when necessary, introduce new concepts. Reform science is a thoroughly theoretical science, which corresponds to Hegel's dictum that 'truth cannot be observed, it can only be thought'
. Thus reform science cannot be developed or verified experimentally; on the other hand,
it takes into consideration the whole experimental base of modern science and is able to provide the true explanation
to every experimental fact. Reform science realizes the goals advanced by modern science.
Reform science is based on a new method having a deep background in Hegel's dialectical logic .
As a method of scientific research, it was first discovered and applied in economics
by Karl Marx . In the course of the above mentioned research in physics, that method was modified and called 'the method
of self-developing logical analysis and the suggested mathematical description' .
In application to humanities, this method may be generalized as 'the method of the self-developing logical analysis and
the suggested conceptual relation'. This is not a clear-cut method ready to use in all cases: it should be applied with
the highest extent of creativity. Because of its systematic character, Reform science has a structure common
for all branches of science, which was made distinct first in . This property of reform science allows to introduce a simple
and exact classification of concepts, thus purifying, perfecting and organizing the whole science. Reform science
consists of three parts called Medium, Population and Associations,
each with a different logic which, following Hegel's terms, may be called the logic of transition, the
logic of reflection and the logic of evolution, respectively.
Before starting the reform of a particular branch of science, the researcher must get acquainted,
to the necessary extent, with the works mentioned above, at least. Then he may start his research in his own field, using
those works for reference by analogy.
2.1. Part 1. Medium
The structure of Part 1, with its classification
of concepts, is presented by Table 1. Transitions. In this table, the columns A, B, C are intended for the concepts and their
brief description, while the column Q is for the qualitative characteristics of the corresponding entities of the
column C. Every concept of Table 1 is classified as SC-1ik, where SC (SCIENCE) is the common two-letter abbreviation of the
name of a particular science (PH for physics, BI for biology, etc.), i – the column letter (A, B, C), k – the
row number (1-6).
The research starts with a paragraph
of speculation to suggest an entity introduced
by the statement of the concept SC-1A1. This may prove to be
the most difficult problem, because this concept has no predecessor and should be determined by a speculation about the innermost notion of the science itself, contradictory as it is. Then the
research proceeds with a speculation about the entity SC-1A1 to determine its transition to its dual entity marked by the concept SC-1B1. After that the research
proceeds with a speculation about the two preceding entities, the thesis and the antithesis,
to suggest their synthesis, a new entity marked by the concept SC-1C1. The latter
has its specific quality to be registered in the cell SC-1Q1. The speculation about the entity SC-1C1 generates the entity
SC-1A2 to be transited by a new paragraph of speculation to the entity SC-1B2, and so forth until determining the entity SC-1C6
and its quality SC-1Q6, the essence; the concept SC-1C6 being central for the
whole theory. Thus, when filling every cell, it is necessary to provide both a paragraph
of speculation and the statement of the concept, the first being a logical reasoning generating the second. The speculation
must be based on the analysis of the preceding result and generate the statement as a suggested necessity. Every
step is a discovery revealed by intuition rather than found by a formal work of intellect.
Table 1. Transitions
Part 2. Population
Part 2 is similar, in many respects, to Part 1. Its
structure is presented by Table 2 similar to Table 1, and its concepts are classified similarly as SC-2ik. Instead of transition
to the opposite, from thesis to antithesis, there takes place their mutual reflection leading to their synthesis, the birth of a new creature which settles the conflict between its two constituent entities
and is characterized by its specific quality. This part of the research starts with a paragraph of speculation about the concept SC-1C6 and ends with the concept
SC-2C6 which, as suggested in , may be called
Table 2. Reflections
the Project. Every statement must again be preceded and
necessitated by the proper speculation about the statement of the preceding step. As a result, this stage of research generates a column of six
creatures, SC-2C1 to SC-2C6, of increasingly higher order and quality, populating the Medium.
Part 3. Associations
Part 3 is different. Its classification of concepts
is presented by Table 3 which illustrates the evolution of the species from the simplest one to the most complex. The classification of the species is given in the
first column. Columns A-G are intended for the description of substructures, which are classified as SC-3ik, similar to the classification in the preceding tables. The evolution
of species happens by developing new substructures of increasingly higher
order. Thus the simplest species SC-3-1 has only one substructure, while the species SC-3-7, the most complex
one, has seven substructures. Similar substructures belonging to different species are generally different and need different
classification, as shown in Table 3, but this subtlety may be omitted in the beginning. The last column is intended for the
qualitative characteristics of different species.
The research of this part starts with the paragraph of speculation
about the concept SC-2C6 to determine the substructure SC-3A1 of the species SC-3-1. Further speculation should expose the
internal contradiction of SC-3-1 necessitating its development, evolution, by
generating a new substructure, SC-3B2, which adds to SC-3B1 to make the species SC-3-2. The research proceeds further until
generating the substructure SC-3G7 which adds to the preceding six substructures, SC-3A7, SC-3B7, SC-3C7, SC-3D7, SC-3E7,
SC-3F7, to make the most perfect species SC-3-7, the Realization. To
complete in rough the research, it is necessary to show the concept SC-3-7 to be indeed
the realization of the concept SC-1C6.
3. The research work formats
The structure of reform science and its logic outlined above require a definite format of the research
work to be published. The first requirement is that the research work should include the whole Part 1, Part 2 or, possibly,
Part 3 of a particular branch of science, because otherwise it would be difficult to use the self-correct-ability of reform
science and estimate the correctness of the whole work. As to Part 3, which may prove to be the most difficult one, it is
admissible to proceed with the research in this part and its publication by substructures, in accordance with the logic of
the part. In this connection the following research formats are recommended.
Format of Part 1
Title of the work (name of the branch).
a paragraph of speculation about the branch suggesting the name of the Medium.
Part 1. Title of Part 1 (Medium)
The name of the medium
A. A speculation about the medium
suggesting the concept SC-1A1.
B. A speculation about SC-1A1 suggesting the concept SC-1B1.
C. A speculation about
SC-1A1 and SC-1B1 suggesting their synthesis SC-1C1; quality SC-1Q1.
2. The name of the concept SC-1C1
A. A speculation about SC-1C1 suggesting SC-1A2.
B. A speculation about SC-1A2 suggesting SC-1B2.
A speculation about SC-1A2 and SC-1B2 suggesting their synthesis SC-1C2; quality SC-1Q2.
3. The name of the concept SC-1C2
(A, B, C)
4. The name of the concept SC-1C3 (A, B, C)
5. The name of the concept SC-1C4 (A, B, C)
name of the concept SC-1C5
A. A speculation about SC-1C5 suggesting
B. A speculation about SC-1A6 suggesting SC-1B6.
C. A speculation about SC-1A6 and SC-1B6 suggesting their
synthesis SC-1C6; quality SC-1Q6.
Table of concepts (Table 1)
Format of Part 2
Title of the work (name of the branch)
Title of Part2 (Population)
1. The name of the concept SC-1C6
A. A speculation about SC-1C6 suggesting the concept SC-2A1.
B. A speculation about SC-2A1 suggesting the concept SC-1B1.
C. A speculation about SC-2A1 and SC-2B1 suggesting their
synthesis SC-2C1; quality SC-2Q1.
2. The name of the concept SC-2C1
A speculation about SC-2C1 suggesting SC-2A2.
B. A speculation about SC-2A2 suggesting SC-2B2.
C. A speculation
about SC-2A2 and SC-2B2 suggesting their synthesis SC-2C2; quality SC-2Q2.
3. The name of the concept SC-2C2 (A, B, C)
name of the concept SC-2C3 (A, B, C)
The name of the concept SC-2C4 (A, B, C)
6. The name of the
A. A speculation about SC-2C5 suggesting SC-2A6.
B. A speculation about SC-2A6 suggesting SC-2B6.
C. A speculation about SC-2A6 and SC-2B6 suggesting their synthesis
SC-2C6; quality SC-2Q6.
Table of concepts (Table 2)
3.3. Format of
Title of the work (name of the branch)
Title of Part 3 (Associations)
1. Name of the species SC-2C6
A speculation about SC-2C6 suggesting
its merger with SC-2C5 giving birth to species SC-3-0 with quality SC-3Q0.
2. Name of the species SC-3-0
about SC-3-0 suggesting SC-3-1 (substructure-center SC-3A1) with quality SC-3Q1.
3. Evolution of the species SC-3-1
3.1 Name of the species SC-3-1
A speculation about SC-3-1 suggesting SC-3-2 (new substructure SC-3B2) with quality
3.2 Name of the species SC-3-2
A speculation about SC-3-2 suggesting SC-3-3 (new substructure SC-3C3) with
3.3 Name of the species SC-3-3
A speculation about SC-3-3 suggesting SC-3-4 (new substructure SC-3D4)
with quality SC-3Q4.
3.4 Name of the species SC-3-4
A speculation about SC-3-4 suggesting SC-3-5 (new substructure
SC-3E5) with quality SC-3Q5.
3.5 Name of the species SC-3-5
A speculation about SC-3-5 suggesting SC-3-6 (new substructure
SC-3F6) with quality SC-3Q6.
3.6 Name of the species SC-3-6
A speculation about SC-3-6 suggesting SC-3-7 (new substructure
SC-3G7) with quality SC-3Q7.
3.7 Name of the species SC-3-7
A speculation about SC-3-7 showing it to be the realization
of the Project (EC-2C6).
Table of concepts (Table 3)
The above text suggests that the whole research of reform science,
in its every branch, is a great endeavor concerned with revealing the Essence of the branch, working out its Project and fulfilling
its Realization, which looks like building the temple of the New Science on the foundation prepared by modern science.
1. G. Hegel. Encyclopedia of Philosophical Sciences, 1874;
vol.1 - Science of Logic; vol.2 - Philosophy of Nature; vol.3 - Philosophy of Spirit.
2. K. Marx. Capital, vol.1.
3. Igor S. Makarov. A Theory of Ether, Particles and Atoms. Second Edition, 2010.
page Archive or click it below.
See also "Reforming Modern Science by Metascience"