The Reform Science Center

Research

RESEARCH IN REFORM SCIENCE

Any researcher who wants to start, or proceed with, the reform of a particular branch of science should get acquainted with the Structure of Reform Science and the Format of the Research .

The Structure of Reform Science and the Format of the Research

Content

Introduction
1. Reform science
2. The research
   2.1. Part 1. Transitions
  
2.2. Part 2. Reflections
   2.3. Part 3. Evolution
3. The research work formats
   3.1. Format of Part 1
   3.2. Format of Part 2
   3.3. Format of Part 3
Conclusion
References

Introduction

The reform of modern science is now an actual problem, because the crisis of modern science, in our age of science, is underlying the present general crisis of civilization. Fortunately, this problem now seems to be solvable because of the recent progress in theoretical physics in this regard blazing a path to the reform of science in general, including humanities. However, the way to the reform is far from easy, and anyone, who has decided to attempt at the reform in his particular branch of science, must be prepared to devote a significant part of his life to this endeavor. The moral satisfaction of the progress may be so great that, having once experienced a success, the researcher, whatever his initial intention, may eventually become a devoted enthusiast of reform science.

1. Reform science

Any science is actually a system of concepts corresponding to various entities characteristic of the science. As compared with modern science, reform science is the truly systematic science based on the logically consistent system of concepts. Owing to this property, reform science is able to select some of the existing concepts, right and generalize them and find the proper meaning to them, and, when necessary, introduce new concepts. Reform science is a thoroughly theoretical science, which corresponds to Hegel's dictum that 'truth cannot be observed, it can only be thought' [1]. Thus reform science cannot be developed or verified experimentally; on the other hand, it takes into consideration the whole experimental base of modern science and is able to provide the true explanation to every experimental fact. Reform science realizes the goals advanced by modern science.


Reform science is based on a new method having a deep background in Hegel's dialectical logic [1]. As a method of scientific research, it was first discovered and applied in economics by Karl Marx [2]. In the course of the above mentioned research in physics, that method was modified and called 'the method of self-developing logical analysis and the suggested mathematical description' [3]. In application to humanities, this method may be generalized as 'the method of the self-developing logical analysis and the suggested conceptual relation'. This is not a clear-cut method ready to use in all cases: it should be applied with the highest extent of creativity. Because of its systematic character, Reform science has a structure common for all branches of science, which was made distinct first in [3]. This property of reform science allows to introduce a simple and exact classification of concepts, thus purifying, perfecting and organizing the whole science. Reform science consists of three parts called Medium, Population and Associations, each with a different logic which, following Hegel's terms, may be called the logic of transition, the logic of reflection and the logic of evolution, respectively.

2. The research

Before starting the reform of a particular branch of science, the researcher must get acquainted, to the necessary extent, with the works mentioned above, at least. Then he may start his research in his own field, using those works for reference by analogy.

2.1. Part 1. Medium 

The structure of Part 1, with its classification of concepts, is presented by Table 1. Transitions. In this table, the columns A, B, C are intended for the concepts and their brief description, while the column Q is for the qualitative characteristics of the corresponding entities of the column C. Every concept of Table 1 is classified as SC-1ik, where SC (SCIENCE) is the common two-letter abbreviation of the name of a particular science (PH for physics, BI for biology, etc.), i – the column letter (A, B, C), k – the row number (1-6).

The research starts with a paragraph of speculation to suggest an entity introduced by the statement of the concept SC-1A1. This may prove to be the most difficult problem, because this concept has no predecessor and should be determined by a speculation about the innermost notion of the science itself, contradictory as it is. Then the research proceeds with a speculation about the entity SC-1A1 to determine its transition to its dual entity marked by the concept SC-1B1. After that the research proceeds with a speculation about the two preceding entities, the thesis and the antithesis, to suggest their synthesis, a new entity marked by the concept SC-1C1. The latter has its specific quality to be registered in the cell SC-1Q1. The speculation about the entity SC-1C1 generates the entity SC-1A2 to be transited by a new paragraph of speculation to the entity SC-1B2, and so forth until determining the entity SC-1C6 and its quality SC-1Q6, the essence; the concept SC-1C6 being central for the whole theory. Thus, when filling every cell, it is necessary to provide both a paragraph of speculation and the statement of the concept, the first being a logical reasoning generating the second. The speculation must be based on the analysis of the preceding result and generate the statement as a suggested necessity. Every step is a discovery revealed by intuition rather than found by a formal work of intellect.

Table 1. Transitions

 A
Thesis

B
Antithesis

C
Synthesis

Q
Quality

SC-1A1

SC-1B1

SC-1C1

SC-1Q1

SC-1A2

SC-1B2

SC-1C2

SC-1Q2

SC-1A3

SC-1B3

SC-1C3

SC-1Q3

SC-1A4

SC-1B4

SC-1C4

SC-1Q4

SC-1A5

SC-1B5

SC-1C5

SC-1Q5

SC-1A6

SC-1B6

SC-1C6

SC-1Q6 (Essence)

2.2. Part 2. Population

Part 2 is similar, in many respects, to Part 1. Its structure is presented by Table 2 similar to Table 1, and its concepts are classified similarly as SC-2ik. Instead of transition to the opposite, from thesis to antithesis, there takes place their mutual
reflection leading to their synthesis, the birth of a new creature which settles the conflict between its two constituent entities and is characterized by its specific quality. This part of the research starts with a paragraph of speculation about the concept SC-1C6 and ends with the concept SC-2C6 which, as suggested in [3],  may be called

Table 2. Reflections

A
Thesis

B
Antithesis

C
Synthesis

Q
Quality

SC-2A1

SC-2B1

SC-2C1

SC-2Q1

SC-2A2

SC-2B2

SC-2C2

SC-2Q2

SC-2A3

SC-2B3

SC-2C3

SC-2Q3

SC-2A4

SC-2B4

SC-2C4

SC-2Q4

SC-2A5

SC-2B5

SC-2C5

SC-2Q5

SC-2A6

SC-2B6

SC-2C6

SC-2Q6 (Project)


the Project. Every statement must again be preceded
and necessitated by the proper speculation about the statement of the preceding step. As a result, this stage of research generates a column of six creatures, SC-2C1 to SC-2C6, of increasingly higher order and quality, populating the Medium.

2.3. Part 3. Associations

Part 3 is different. Its classification of concepts is presented by Table 3 which illustrates the evolution of the species from the simplest one to the most complex. The classification of the species is given in the first column. Columns A-G are intended for the description of substructures, which are classified as SC-3ik, similar to the classification in the preceding tables. The evolution of species happens by developing new substructures of increasingly higher order. Thus the simplest species SC-3-1 has only one substructure, while the species SC-3-7, the most complex one, has seven substructures. Similar substructures belonging to different species are generally different and need different classification, as shown in Table 3, but this subtlety may be omitted in the beginning. The last column is intended for the qualitative characteristics of different species.


 Table3. Evolution

Substructure
Species

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

Q
Quality

SC-3-0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SC-3Q0

SC-3-1

SC-3A1

 

 

 

 

 

 

SC-3Q1

SC-3-2

SC-3A2

SC-3B2

 

 

 

 

 

SC-3Q2

SC-3-3

SC-3A3

SC-3B3

SC-3C3

 

 

 

 

SC-3Q3

SC-3-4

SC-3A4

SC-3B4

SC-3C4

SC-3D4

 

 

 

SC-3Q4

SC-3-5

SC-3A5

SC-3B5

SC-3C5

SC-3D5

SC-3E5

 

 

SC-3Q5

SC-3-6

SC-3A6

SC-3B6

SC-3C6

SC-3D6

SC-3E6

SC-3F6

 

SC-3Q6

SC-3-7

SC-3A7

SC-3B7

SC-3C7

SC-3D7

SC-3E7

SC-3F7

SC-3G7

SC-3Q7

The research of this part starts with the paragraph of speculation about the concept SC-2C6 to determine the substructure SC-3A1 of the species SC-3-1. Further speculation should expose the internal contradiction of SC-3-1 necessitating its development, evolution, by generating a new substructure, SC-3B2, which adds to SC-3B1 to make the species SC-3-2. The research proceeds further until generating the substructure SC-3G7 which adds to the preceding six substructures, SC-3A7, SC-3B7, SC-3C7, SC-3D7, SC-3E7, SC-3F7, to make the most perfect species SC-3-7, the Realization. To complete in rough the research, it is necessary to show the concept SC-3-7 to be indeed the realization of the concept SC-1C6.


3. The research work formats

The structure of reform science and its logic outlined above require a definite format of the research work to be published. The first requirement is that the research work should include the whole Part 1, Part 2 or, possibly, Part 3 of a particular branch of science, because otherwise it would be difficult to use the self-correct-ability of reform science and estimate the correctness of the whole work. As to Part 3, which may prove to be the most difficult one, it is admissible to proceed with the research in this part and its publication by substructures, in accordance with the logic of the part. In this connection the following research formats are recommended.

3.1. Format of Part 1

Title of the work (name of the branch).
Introduction: a paragraph of speculation about the branch suggesting the name of the Medium.
Part 1. Title of Part 1 (Medium)
1. The name of the medium
A. A speculation about the medium suggesting the concept SC-1A1.
B. A speculation about SC-1A1 suggesting the concept SC-1B1.
C. A speculation about SC-1A1 and SC-1B1 suggesting their synthesis SC-1C1; quality SC-1Q1.
2. The name of the concept SC-1C1

A. A speculation about SC-1C1 suggesting SC-1A2.
B. A speculation about SC-1A2 suggesting SC-1B2.
C. A speculation about SC-1A2 and SC-1B2 suggesting their synthesis SC-1C2; quality SC-1Q2.
3. The name of the concept SC-1C2
(A, B, C)
4. The name of the concept SC-1C3 (A, B, C)
5. The name of the concept SC-1C4 (
A, B, C)
6. The name of the concept SC-1C5

A. A speculation about SC-1C5 suggesting SC-1A6.
B. A speculation about SC-1A6 suggesting SC-1B6.
C. A speculation about SC-1A6 and SC-1B6 suggesting their synthesis SC-1C6; quality SC-1Q6.
Table of concepts (Table 1)
Conclusion
References


3.2. Format of Part 2

Title of the work (name of the branch)
Part 2. Title of Part2 (Population)

Introduction
1. The name of the concept SC-1C6
A. A speculation about SC-1C6 suggesting the concept SC-2A1.
B. A speculation about SC-2A1 suggesting the concept SC-1B1.
C. A speculation about SC-2A1 and SC-2B1 suggesting their synthesis SC-2C1; quality SC-2Q1.
2. The name of the concept SC-2C1

A. A speculation about SC-2C1 suggesting SC-2A2.
B. A speculation about SC-2A2 suggesting SC-2B2.
C. A speculation about SC-2A2 and SC-2B2 suggesting their synthesis SC-2C2; quality SC-2Q2.
3. The name of the concept SC-2C2
(A, B, C)
4. The name of the concept SC-2C3 (A, B, C)
5. The name of the concept SC-2C4 (
A, B, C)
6. The name of the concept SC-2C5

A. A speculation about SC-2C5 suggesting SC-2A6.
B. A speculation about SC-2A6 suggesting SC-2B6.
C. A speculation about SC-2A6 and SC-2B6 suggesting their synthesis SC-2C6; quality SC-2Q6.
Table of concepts (Table 2)
Conclusion
References


3.3. Format of Part 3

Title of the work (name of the branch)
Part 3. Title of Part 3 (Associations)
Introduction
1. Name of the species SC-2C6
A speculation about SC-2C6 suggesting its merger with SC-2C5 giving birth to species SC-3-0 with quality SC-3Q0.
2. Name of the species SC-3-0
A speculation about SC-3-0 suggesting SC-3-1 (substructure-center SC-3A1) with quality SC-3Q1.
3. Evolution of the species SC-3-1
3.1 Name of the species SC-3-1
A speculation about SC-3-1 suggesting SC-3-2 (new substructure SC-3B2) with quality SC-3Q2.
3.2 Name of the species SC-3-2
A speculation about SC-3-2 suggesting SC-3-3 (new substructure SC-3C3) with quality SC-3Q3.
3.3 Name of the species SC-3-3
A speculation about SC-3-3 suggesting SC-3-4 (new substructure SC-3D4) with quality SC-3Q4.
3.4 Name of the species SC-3-4
A speculation about SC-3-4 suggesting SC-3-5 (new substructure SC-3E5) with quality SC-3Q5.
3.5 Name of the species SC-3-5
A speculation about SC-3-5 suggesting SC-3-6 (new substructure SC-3F6) with quality SC-3Q6.
3.6 Name of the species SC-3-6
A speculation about SC-3-6 suggesting SC-3-7 (new substructure SC-3G7) with quality SC-3Q7.
3.7 Name of the species SC-3-7
A speculation about SC-3-7 showing it to be the realization of the Project (EC-2C6).
Table of concepts (Table 3)
Conclusion
References


Conclusion 

The above text suggests that the whole research of reform science, in its every branch, is a great endeavor concerned with revealing the Essence of the branch, working out its Project and fulfilling its Realization, which looks like building the temple of the New Science on the foundation prepared by modern science.

References

1. G. Hegel. Encyclopedia of Philosophical Sciences, 1874; vol.1 - Science of Logic; vol.2 - Philosophy of Nature; vol.3 - Philosophy of Spirit.
2. K. Marx. Capital, vol.1.
3. Igor S. Makarov. A Theory of Ether, Particles and Atoms. Second Edition, 2010.

See the page Archive or click it below.

 

See also "Reforming Modern Science by Metascience"

Archive