MARXISM-21 - and, possibly, a mutual-interest union with the demo-republics of the opposite
The Manifest of the Marxist Party
Having achieved significant results in reforming modern science and understanding
that such an activity is the only way to settling the present general ideological crisis, the administration of the Reform
Science Center (firstname.lastname@example.org) has decided to issue this manifest to mobilize progressive parties to the struggle for the future of civilization.
The ideology introduced by this manifest is based on the true systems theory and therefore is largely true, except
possibly for minor details. It would be especially important for Marxist parties whose ideology was originally based on science.
Certainly, any serious remarks from the readers are welcome.
As the world events imply, civilization is experiencing a
general ideological crisis, the crisis developing fast and threatening the very
existence of humankind. That conclusion makes it necessary to arm progressive political parties with the true scientific ideology,
the ideology based on the true science. Marxism is known to have been the first attempt at developing such an ideology, and
although many of its conclusions are important for understanding the present reality, it cannot be a guidance for action nowadays.
Fortunately, the recent breakthrough in understanding Hegel's dialectical philosophy and the following discovery of Systems
Theory have made it possible to develop the frameworks of the true sciences of politics and economics, the fundamental components
of the true communist ideology – MARXISM-21.
Politics is both politics
proper and economics. The politics proper consists of three parts: human society, government and self-governance. The structure
of economics is similar to that of politics proper and consists of three parts as well: market production, capitalist production
and monopolistic production. In this brochure, we outline the main statements of the new theory, as well as possible measures
suggested by it.
Part 1. A scientific view of politics
The constituent element of any human
society is the family of man and
woman. The society of families develops first into the ethnic community, then into the nation and, finally, into the World Consistent Nation (WCN), an ideal state
governed by the International Law.
The WCN is the essence of the whole theory. In the beginning, it is an ideal to be realized gradually by the further
development of society, like a dream of a youth to be realized during his whole life.
The realization of the WCN begins
in the state. The state has a government and develops taking increasingly sophisticated forms: monarchy, tyranny, aristocracy,
oligarchy, democracy and republic.
The republic is the highest form of government, but it is not yet the realization
of the WCN, because its structure is not articulated; so the republic is simply the project of the WCN to be realized by the further development of society. To continue our
above analogy, the republic is like a university graduate who knows much but lacks conditions to realize his knowledge; he
is still to enter real life, get the proper job, marry and only then start the practical realization of his youth dream.
The initial form of the self-governing society is a
demo-republic, the merger of democracy and republic. An isolated demo-republic
is not viable; to become viable, it should join other ones. The initial form of a viable self-governing society is an empire, the
merger of two demo-republics. Transition to self-governance presupposes ideological
harmony in society.
The empire is governed by three bodies: Assembly, Senate and Synod (or
another ecclesiastical body) responsible for domestic affairs, foreign affairs and ideology, respectively. After an initial
period of struggle between empires, there emerge two empires with dual ideological orientations, the social-religious (SR)
and religious-social (RS) ones, an SR-empire and an RS-empire.
Each of the empires evolves by contracting unions
of different affinity with other demo-republics:
- a solidarity
union with the demo-republics that decisively choose one of the two empires;
- a preference union
with the demo-republics that prefer one of the two empires;
- a neutral union with the neutral demo-republics;
Finally, the SR-empire and RS-empire contract a global union between themselves.
The empires compete for the spheres of influence, thus improving their own organization and solving best all global problems.
The complete system of unions and agreements is the realization of the WCN ideal. If one of the empire becomes dominant,
solving global problems to its own advantage and to the detriment of the rest of the world, some demo-republics may change
their preference thus restoring the balance of power and justice.
The society now looks like a well-positioned
man knowing his responsibility to his family and the whole society, working to maintain their lives and seeing his youth dreams
Part 2. A scientific view of economics
Economics is the science
studying the production of goods for their consumption in society. Karl Marx is known to have been the first to apply a systematic
approach to develop economics as a true science. Now that his method has been understood and developed to a sufficient degree,
it became possible to complete in the rough his great endeavor.
Market production emerges first as a number of individual producers exchanging their
goods in the market. The market introduces regularity in the production and exchange of goods. That regularity gradually achieves
its highest level with the formation of a standard market pattern (SMP), the manifestation of the so-called law of value, “an
invisible hand”, maintaining a relatively stable correlation of prices. Under the law of value, the goods are traded according to the cost of social labor necessary
for their production. The law of value is the essence of market
production, the most fundamental concept of
economics; at first, the SMP is an ideal to be realized through the further development of production.
In the market production, some producers manage to accumulate certain amounts of spare money, invest them into production and get profit. In doing
so, they turn money into capital. Capital is the foundation of the capitalist way of production; it is based on the private property
for the means of production, on the one hand, and hired labour, on the
other. Capitalist production starts with a handicrafts production and develops taking increasingly sophisticated forms, such
as cooperation, manufacture, factory, industrial factory and industrial supplier.
The industrial factory and the
industrial supplier are dual forms of production in the sense that, while the first has the trade section functioning implicitly, the
second has it functioning explicitly. The industrial supplier is the highest form of capitalist production, but it is
not yet the realization of the SMP, because its structure is not articulated; it is rather the project of the SMP to be realized
by the further development of production. Under certain conditions, the industrial factory and industrial supplier turn to
one another and even mix together giving birth to a new form of production, a
monopolistic, self-financing production, a firm.
The firm is the initial
form of the monopolistic, self-financing production. However, an isolated firm is not viable; to become viable, the firm should
join another one.
The initial form of a stable self-financing production is a center, the merger of two firms.
The center consists of three bodies responsible for production, trade and finance. There emerge two centers with dual orientations
of interest, the social-commercial (SC) and commercial-social (CS) ones, an SC-center and a CS-center. In the self-financing
economy, the production society becomes financially independent turning into a socialist society, its motto being
“anyone gives according to his ability, anyone gets according to
Each of the centers evolves by making associations of different affinity
with other firms:
- a solidarity association with the firms that decisively choose
one of the two centers;
- a preference association with the firms that prefer one of the two centers;
- a neutral
association with the neutral firms having no orientation of interest; and, possibly,
a mutual-interest association with the firms of the opposite orientation
Finally, there emerge two global centers with the CS- and SC-orientations of interest making agreements with each
other. To withstand competition, the centers streamline their organization, keeping the prices at the lowest possible level
and increasingly involving the working personal into the management, thus gradually making economy self-managing. The global centers acquire political power and become global political centers as well.
With the formation of the global centers, the socialist economy achieves its highest possible development becoming
self-managing: the global centers become the societies of producers that work for the whole community. At this stage, the
dual purpose of economy is fully realized, with the private interests become social and the social interests private. This
stage of economy presents the best possible realization of the SMP project. The socialist economy now turns into a
communal, communist economy, its motto being “anyone gives according to his ability, anyone gets according to his requirement”. In the communal economy,
production is performed not for the sake of profit but for the sake of production itself, for the sake of useful labor which
has become free, containing the law of value as necessity.
Parts 3. Analysis and conclusions
shown above, the scientific approach to politics has made it possible to penetrate the future of civilization and elaborate
such previously vague concepts as socialism and communism. It is clear now that the distinguishing feature of a socialist
society is self-governance. As to communism, it is the state of the whole
civilization functioning as one self-governing
society. It is clear now that the communist society consists of three groups of countries: two groups with different, dual
ideologies and one neutral group of self-governing societies; the dual groups compete with each other for influence in the
world, thus gradually adapting to each other and achieving the highest possible perfection.
The present technological revolution has united the whole world
and now demands that all social and political institutions conform to the current overwhelming trend of globalization,
the trend naturally suggesting transition to self-governance. However, that trend is now obstructed by the general ideological crisis, the crisis responsible for all the other problems of civilization
and now threatening the very existence of humankind.
To overcome that ideological crisis, it is necessary
to teach the ideology of the future society to the present and next generations, make them accustomed to it and then
usher them to the new world. To this end, it is necessary first to
reform modern science, philosophy and religion, the spheres of human activity whose crisis is responsible for the present
crisis of ideology. Although such a reform is quite a task in itself, fortunately, there is now a proven methodology for
it developed by the above mentioned Reform Science Center.
The main task at present is to engage scientific communities in the reform of modern
science, natural sciences and humanities first of all, creating to that end Reform Science Units at universities and academies.
To coordinate the reform worldwide, it is necessary to set up an International Reform Science Center; with its main
functions as follows:
(1) attracting highly professional researchers and philosophers to the reform of
science in their fields of interest, creating first frameworks of the new sciences and then developing them into textbooks
and online courses for schools and universities;
(2) attracting philosophers of religion to start creating the universal science of religion;
(3) guiding and coordinating the reform
worldwide, using the works ,  for guidance and as examples.
With the present monstrous corruption of scientific
institutions and the ideological confusion of liberal parties, it is only the Marxist parties armed with the true scientific
ideology that could organize and lead the struggle for the future of civilization.
1. Igor S. Makarov. Reform of Modern Science. Politics. Economics. Reform Science Center, 2012. ISBN-13: 9781469985770. Online
text: http://kvisit.com/So_rUAQ; cover: http://kvisit.com/St6zYAQ.
2. Igor S. Makarov. Introduction
to Theoretical Astrophysics. Reform Science Center, 2014. ISBN-13: 9781495220876. Online text: http://kvisit.com/SoPadAw; cover: http://kvisit.com/SyYWeAw.